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Source: Official Guide Revised GRE 2nd Ed. Part 9; Section 3; #21


Which of the following, if true in Gilavia

Which of the following, if true in Gilavia, most strongly supports the proposed explanation? In Gilavia, the number of reported workplace injuries has declined 16 percent in the last five years. However, perhaps part of the decline results from injuries going unreported: many employers have introduced safety-incentive programs, such as prize drawings for which only employees who have a perfect work-safety record are eligible. Since a workplace injury would disqualify an employee from such programs, some employees might be concealing injury, when it is feasible to do so. In the last five years, there has been no decline in the number of workplace injuries leading to immediate admission to a hospital emergency room., Employers generally have to pay financial compensation to employees who suffer work-related injuries., Many injuries that happen on the job are injuries that would be impossible to conceal and yet would not be severe enough to require any change to either the employees work schedule or the employees job responsibilities., A continuing shift in employment patterns has led to a decline in the percentage of the workforce that is employed in the dangerous occupations in which workplace injuries are likely., Employers who have instituted safety-incentive programs do not in general have a lower proportion of reported workplace injuries among their employees than do employers without such programs.

2 Explanations


Zhening Liu

Hi, Although I understand that answer A is correct in this case, why is answer E incorrect, since it also indicates the number of injuries haven't declined, and thus lead to the conclusion that employees have concealed their injuries?

Nov 28, 2016 • Comment


Hi Zhening,

If (E) is true, then this actually weakens the author's argument.

If the number of reported injuries has not declined in places with incentive programs, then that means that people are NOT concealing their injuries. If people were concealing their injuries, then we would expect the number of reported injuries to go down. But (E) says that it has not.

Nov 28, 2016 • Reply

Zhening Liu

Ahh... I missed the word "reported" in the answer choice... Thanks!

Nov 29, 2016 • Reply


Chris Lele

Dec 2, 2012 • Comment

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