Which of the following statements about women’s employment in the United States during and after the Second World War is most clearly supported by the passage?
While most scholarship on women’s employment in the United States recognizes that the Second World War (1939–1945) dramatically changed the role of women in the workforce, these studies also acknowledge that few women remained in manufacturing jobs once men returned from the war. But in agriculture, unlike other industries where women were viewed as temporary workers, women’s employment did not end with the war. Instead, the expansion of agriculture and a steady decrease in the number of male farmworkers combined to cause the industry to hire more women in the postwar years. Consequently, the 1950s saw a growing number of women engaged in farm labor, even though rhetoric in the popular media called for the return of women to domestic life.Most women who joined the workforce during the Second World War wanted to return to domestic life when the war ended., The great majority of women who joined the workforce during the Second World War were employed in manufacturing jobs., The end of the Second World War was followed by a large-scale transfer of women workers from manufacturing to agriculture., The increase in women’s employment that accompanied the Second World War was longer lasting in agriculture than it was in manufacturing., The popular media were more forceful in calling for women to join the workforce during the Second World War than in calling for women to return to domestic life after the war.
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