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Source: Official Guide Revised GRE 1st Ed. Part 8; Section 3; #14


Unenlightened authoritarian managers rarely recognize a crucial

Unenlightened authoritarian managers rarely recognize a crucial reason for the low levels of serious conflict among members of democratically run work groups: a modicum of tolerance for dissent often prevents . demur, schism, cooperation, compliance, shortsightedness

2 Explanations


Anindita Dey

So the clue here is authoritarian manager? Since they are bossy, they don't show any level of tolerance even for the slightest of conflicts which makes the conflicts even more serious than it actually was . Therefore the author suggests a modicum of tolerance for the dissent to prevent the conflicts sometimes.

Aug 31, 2018 • Comment

David Recine

Exactly it, Rupom! The phrase "low levels of serious conflict" also acts as a major clue, since that goes well with "prevents schism." If there is very little serious conflict, a full schism (sharp disagreements and long-term conflict) would be unlikely to happen.

Sep 2, 2018 • Reply


Chris Lele

Oct 9, 2012 • Comment

Vivek Sethia

I don't understand the last part of the sentence. According to the video it means, "a little bit of tolerance for arguments often prevents conflicts". How can tolerance towards low level of conflicts prevent them? Or does "dissent" mean something else here. Or "a little of tolerance" means immediate action against the conflicts.

Feb 25, 2014 • Reply

Lucas Fink

It is a bit counter-intuitive, isn't it?

The key word here is "low." According to the first part of the text, there is a "crucial reason for the low levels of serious conflict." We keep LOW levels of conflict, because allowing a LITTLE bit of dissent stops BIG problems from happening. The idea behind the text is that if you try to stop any and all conflict from arising, problems won't be worked out by small conflicts, and they will instead erupt in a major schism.

Also notice that the managers who don't see the "reason for the low levels of serious conflict" are "unenlightened." That means they are not seeing a BENEFIT of this small amount of conflict. Avoiding schism is a good thing, so that makes sense.

Feb 27, 2014 • Reply

Anna Roberts

You said "WE keep low levels of conflict, because little dissent prevents schism" -- Who is we? Democratically run work groups?

Also, in the video, Chris mentions that democratically run groups have low levels of serious conflict (given in the prompt) but then he says thus authoritarian run groups have high levels of conflict -- can we assume that? Assume that authoritarian run groups have high level of conflict?

Jan 6, 2018 • Reply

David Recine

"We" in this case means anyone who is looking for a way to minimize serious conflict. And yes, in the context of the SE question, the practice of allowing low levels of conflict applies to democratically run work groups.

You're also right that the sentence suggests authoritarian groups may have high levels of conflict... or at the very least, a greater potential for serious conflicts in comparison to democratically run groups.

Jan 8, 2018 • Reply

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