Among academics involved in the study of
Northern Renaissance prints (reproducible graphic
artworks), an orthodox position can be said to have
emerged. This position regards Renaissance prints as
passive representations of their time—documents that
reliably record contemporary events, opinions, and
beliefs—and therefore as an important means of
accessing the popular contemporary consciousness.
In contrast, pioneering studies such as those by
Scribner and Moxey take a strikingly different
approach, according to which Northern Renaissance
prints were purposeful, active, and important shaping
forces in the communities that produced them.
Scribner, for example, contends that religious and
political prints of the German Reformation
(ca. 1517–1555) functioned as popular propaganda:
tools in a vigorous campaign aimed at altering
people’s behavior, attitudes, and beliefs.Replacement of the word “passive” (line 5)
which of the following words results in the least
change in meaning for the passage?disinterested, submissive, flaccid, supine, unreceptive
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