Official Guide Revised GRE 1st Ed. Part 8; Section 6; #16
can I have more clarify how choice A is correct ??
18?? is not a square of an integer?
Feb 4, 2020
Adam Lyons, Magoosh Tutor
If v = 4, then 81v = 81(4) = 324. And 324 is the square of an integer. It is 18*18. So choice A is not 18, it is 18 *squared*. What we do is take the square root of the choice. If that's an integer, then we know that the choice is the square of an integer. Because the square root of choice A is an integer, 18, we know that choice A is the square of an integer.
Hope that helps!
Feb 12, 2020
If v is an integer, shouldn't v squared be also an integer and thus C) would be correct?
Aug 8, 2018
Sam Kinsman, Magoosh Tutor
You're right that v^2 would also be an integer. But note that the question is not asking us for answer choices that are an integer. The question is asking us for numbers that "must also be the square of an integer." And although C is an integer, it's not necessarily the square of an integer.
Aug 9, 2018
Jorge Isaac Cordero Enriquez
There are some questions that ask "which ... *could* be..." and some others ask "which...*must* be...". As I understand it, when the question asks for a *could*, it is enough if we find a particular case that works, however, if the question asks for a *must*, then it must hold true for all cases.
This question asks for a *must*. How can we assure it holds true for all cases if we just tried with v=4?
Oct 5, 2017
Jonathan , Magoosh Tutor
We prove algebraically that A and B must be true. 4 is just an example.
We know v is an integer from the question.
A) 81v = (9v)^2 and 9v must be an integer. So (A) must be correct.
B) We should know our FOIL identities cold, including (a + b)^2 = a^2 + 2ab + b^2
So We can see that (B) factors to
(5v + 1)^2 and we know 5v is an integer so therefore 5v + 1 is also an integer.
So (B) is correct.
For (C), we could see that we can't factor the expression so therefore there is no algebraic reason that it must be a square . To be sure, we can find one example for which it's not a square. If v = 4 The expression equals 75 which is not the square of an integer. So we know (C) is not correct.
Oct 30, 2017
Chris Lele, Magoosh Tutor
Oct 11, 2012
Bethany D Zacharias
Thank you for all of these explanation videos. The GRE answer key is not nearly as easy to understand.
Oct 14, 2013
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