In the United States between 1850 and 1880, the number of farmers continued to increase, but at a rate lower than that of the general population.
Which of the following statements directly contradicts the information presented above?
The number of farmers in the general population increased slightly in the 30 years between 1850 and 1880., The rate of growth of the United States labor force and the rate of growth of the general population rose simultaneously in the 30 years between 1850 and 1880., The proportion of farmers in the United States labor force remained constant in the 30 years between 1850 and 1880., The proportion of farmers in the United States labor force decreased from 64 percent in 1850 to 49 percent in 1880., The proportion of farmers in the general population increased from 68 percent in 1850 to 72 percent in 1880.

2 Explanations

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1

Afif Bin Kamrul

increasing rate of farmers < increasing rate of population....(condition 1)
according to Chris Lele:
the population has increased from 10000 to 50000 (400 % increase)
farmers has increased from 1000 to 2000 (100% increase)
farmers : population = (2000 / 50000 ) * 100 % = 4 % [ proportion ]
if population was increased to 20000, then it would be 100% increase of population
farmers : population = (2000 / 20000) * 100 % = 10 % [proportion ]
if condition 1 remains intact, proportion decreases; although answer E says proportion increases.

You got it, Afif! According to the condition, the proportion of farmers *decreases*. The question asks us to find an answer that *contradicts* this, that is, says the opposite of this. So that's what choice E says. It contradicts the condition we're given, saying the opposite. That's why it's the right answer :)

## 2 Explanations