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Double Shifts

Chris Lele
Lesson by Chris Lele
Magoosh Expert
Frequently Asked Questions

Q. Why doesn’t consideration work as the answer?

A. Consideration does fit, but not nearly as well as exaltation. Here's why:

  • The sentence is setting up a contrast ("Notwithstanding") between public opinion of the diva ("idolatrous reception from adoring fans") and "those close to her" ("familiar with her myriad shortcomings").
  • Because it's a contrast, and the word in the blank is preceded by a negating phrase ("hardly worthy"), we want to fill the blank with a word that means as close to "idolatrous reception from adoring fans" as possible. That's why "exaltation" fits best, since "hardly worthy of exaltation" is truly the opposite of "idolatrous reception from adoring fans.”
  • The reason that "consideration" doesn’t work is because it's too neutral of a word. While "consideration" can mean "high regard, esteem," it can also mean considering someone, or taking someone/something in to account. "Exaltation" is definitely closer to the overwhelming positive connotation of "adoration" and the phrase "idolatrous reception from adoring fans.”
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Okay. In this text completion, you'll note that things are a little trickier. First off, there's this word, it's a long word. It's a confusing word. It's notwithstanding. The function of notwithstanding is simply that of a reverser.

It's no different from however in that it takes the sentence and so as long as we have that comma it splits the sentence into two parts. And these two parts are in contrast to one another. So again it reverses the meaning of the first part. You can think of despite as a good substitute for notwithstanding. However there are some others that we haven't gone over yet.

Some are nonetheless and regardless. These are important other reversers. However, if you were to put those in word for, maybe it would kind of work regardless of the diva's idolatrous reception and nonetheless or that diva had an idolatrous reception from her adoring fans. Nonetheless, you can see same function but maybe you have to twist up the grammar a little sto use despite as a substitute for notwithstanding, but again, all three of these words are reversers or sentence shifters.

So, despite the diva's idolatrous reception, those close to her familiar with her myriad shortcomings treated her as someone hardly worthy of blank, so again, we have to note kinda the complexity of the sentence. Because not only do we have this not withstanding reverser, but the second part of the sentence doesn't just say okay, well, we need to come up with an opposite from her adoring fans.

So those close to her were not adoring of her, so therefore, they treated her as someone hardy worthy of, not adoring? And so we want to note the role of the word not. When you have here this double shift in the second part of the sentence, that is the part after the comma, and there's also multiple commas, again, going back to the complexity of the sentence.

It's that the part after the comma is in opposition to the first part. It doesn't even matter if you have these multiple comments. So you're only gonna get this one shifter or reverser in terms of the word but then when you get down here you can see that, ua, it's like saying she's someone not worthy of adoration. So you're kind of reversing it again being that you needed a word meaning the opposite of adoring for the second part of the sentence but by saying hardly worthy of you're more or less saying not.

And so it does the double negative and takes us back to not worthy of adoration. So we look for a word that means adoration and again, we match. And we get rid of content which means hate, considerations of neutral word, exaltation is when you pray someone highly elevate them, this lofty position and that there is our answer. Notoriety, means fame, but usually in a negative sense.

So again we want to a word that's more similar to adoring, adulation, and of course, is the diva's idolatrous as though she is this great idol, and so again exaltation works best. And success is, doesn't really talk about adoration, she may be successful, but they are not saying she shouldn't be successful. They're just saying don't treat her as though she's perfect like an idol or goddess.

So again, the answer is C.

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Text Completion - Sentence Shifts